Leveraging Transparency to Reduce Corruption: Country Work

The Leveraging Transparency to Reduce Corruption (LTRC) Initiative nurtures and informs inclusive stakeholder dialogue in several countries. We help local champions access the tools and knowledge they need to reduce corruption challenges in the extractives sector that prevent its wealth from being distributed to fuel broad human development. The specific challenges addressed in each country were identified together with local stakeholders during the co-creation processes set up by LTRC to inform its respective country strategies.

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R4D Leveraging Transparency to Reduce Corruption Where We Work

Colombia  |  Mongolia  |  Nigeria  |  Peru  |  Venezuela  |  Zimbabwe


The fight against corruption was one of the most salient campaign topics during Colombia’s recent electoral process. However, as local civil society has observed, there has been limited action and concrete planning to tackle corruption in the country. In collaboration with the Natural Resource Governance Institute and Crudo Transparente, LTRC supported the development of the corruption diagnostic and action plan for the oil sector in Colombia. Together with Transparencia por Colombia’s upcoming risk assessment for the sector, this work will inform the agenda ahead for government and civil society.

We have engaged Colombian stakeholders and international initiatives on an energy transition agenda that has effective channels of communication with citizens, promoting effective participation.

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We have engaged with groups such as: Natural Resource Governance Institute, Crudo Transparente, Transparencia por Colombia, Global Integrity, and Objetivo Cero.


Beneficial ownership transparency (BOT), when thoroughly implemented, helps advance integrity and build trust in institutions and systems. Mongolia has already introduced the concept of beneficial ownership into its legislation as part of its anti-money laundering laws. However, there are many challenges to implementation, with substantial parts of the BOT process incomplete. Between 2020-2022, LTRC’s work in Mongolia focused on the BOT agenda:

  • Using a systems analysis approach to support stakeholder consultations and research aimed at understanding the barriers around beneficial ownership disclosure and the elements needed to build an effective beneficial ownership ecosystem.
  • Producing research with a set of clear policy recommendations on beneficial ownership, as well as a roadmap for implementation of priority agenda items on state-owned enterprises, politically exposed persons, companies listed on a stock exchange, verification measures, indirect control, and considerations specific to a public register.

We have engaged with groups such as: Transparency International Mongolia, Natural Resource Governance Institute, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, Open Society Forum, and Michael Barron Consulting

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Corruption in the extractives sector is widespread and public confidence in anti-corruption efforts is very low, despite the many anti-corruption initiatives in the country. Amid an environment of low trust among stakeholders, acknowledging, understanding, and overcoming apathy is fundamental for change to happen. In Nigeria, LTRC therefore supports civil society efforts to promote effective citizen participation and enhance the way information reaches citizens in different settings. LTRC’s recent work involves:

  • Understanding citizens’ perceptions around fuel subsidies, and what works to change those perceptions
  • Researching the status of beneficial ownership and open contracting initiatives as instruments to combat state capture, and training civil society in the Niger Delta to advance these reforms
  • Building capacity for investigative journalism as a tool to hold government actors accountable and combat corruption

We have engaged with groups such as: BudgIT, MAWA Foundation, Center for Investigative Journalism and Development, and Enough is Enough Nigeria

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A complex history of conflict, environmental degradation, and unfulfilled promises has sustained a context of lack of trust between the state, the extractive sector, and civil society, particularly at the subnational level. While many stakeholders understand the value of extractive activities in generating revenue for the state and communities, there is a consistent claim that those resources have not translated into clear benefits for communities and that existing participatory processes are not inclusive.

LTRC’s work in Peru is focused on the subnational level, where our initial engagement showed the most potential for adding value to existing efforts. We started in the region of Moquegua, bringing together the local Mining Vision 2030 process with the regional development plan through dialogue so local stakeholders are able work together over time towards a common goal for the region: a diversified economy that does not depend on mining.

R4D activities in Moquegua have so far included:

Platform building

  • Design and implementation of a community of learning in the Moquegua region that aims to bring together different stakeholders to exchange knowledge and jointly explore solutions to common-ground challenges, in an effort to further the sustainability of Peru’s Mining Vision 2030 process
  • Elaboration and advisory on the shared value model, which underscores the need for collaboration and consensus among diverse stakeholders

Knowledge brokerage

  • Feasibility study of the delivery unit model to the management of mining revenue in Moquegua region, which seeks to provide clear outcomes, goals, and oversight for revenue management
  • Systematization of recent governance-related interventions implemented in Moquegua by mining companies, international cooperation agencies, or the government
  • Risk analysis at the subnational level that seeks to understand citizen experiences with participatory budgeting
  • Development of a performance management model for mining companies and the regional government to assess their progress against development outcomes

We have engaged with groups such as: Inter-American Development Bank, International Finance Corporation, MinSus, Moquegua Crece, GERENS Escuela de Postgrado, CCPM Grupo Consultor, tras100d

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Other countries 

LTRC is conducting scoping activities in the following countries.  


While LTRC does not operate in Venezuela, we are discussing opportunities to implement recommendations raised during our roundtable on illicit financial flows from Venezuela’s gold trade. In particular, we are looking at ways to support investigative journalists and civil society in Venezuela and other countries in the region that enable associated illicit financial flows.

We have engaged with groups such as: OECD 

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LTRC’s scoping work in Zimbabwe focuses on artisanal and small-scale gold (ASGM) mining and the illicit commercialization of gold. We are currently undertaking research to understand the role of large gold buyers in illicit financial flows related to ASGM.

We have engaged with groups such as: Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA)

Global & Regional Initiatives

R4D is a globally recognized leader for designing initiatives that connect implementers, experts and funders across countries to build knowledge and get that knowledge into practice.